How Many Scientists Does It Take to Write a Paper? Apparently, Thousands Scientific journals see a spike in number of contributors; 24 pages of.
1. Book with one author or editor: Bell, Stewart. The Martyr's Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist. Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005.
Why a Scientific Format? The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so.
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Evolutionary Psychology. Evolutionary Psychology publishes original empirical research on human psychology and behavior that is guided by an evolutionary perspective.
How To Write A Journal Article Review
Examples Of How To Write A Journal Article Review
How to Write a Bibliography - Examples in MLA Style
Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2" (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook . CONTENTS Book with one author or editor Book with two authors or editors Book with three authors or editors Book with more than three authors or editors Book with compilers, or compilers and editors Book with no author or editor stated Book with one author, translated by another Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated Article in an encyclopedia with an author Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or or newspaper with no author stated Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series) Advertisement Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author Book, movie or film review CD-ROM, DVD (See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip) Computer service, e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc. Definition from a dictionary Film, movie Government publication Internet citations, or citing electronic sources Interview Lecture Letter, editorial Map, chart Musical composition Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form Patent Performance (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Radio, Television Recording - Music CD, LP, magnetic tape Software on floppy disk Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette Unpublished dissertations, theses For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: a. Internet citation for an advertisement b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc. g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail h. Internet citation for an online government publication i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site k. Internet citation for a software download l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another Basic components of an Internet citation: 1) Author. 2) "Title of Article, Web page or site" in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project, underlined. 4) Editor of Project. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual's e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or "less than" and "greater than" signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities. Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock. Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 <http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ ibm.htm >. TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 <http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm >. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. "China to Formalize One-Child Policy." Asia Times Online. 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html >. Clifford, Erin. "Review of Neuropsychology." SparkNotes. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/neuro/review />. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada. Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf >. Marshall, Leon. "Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest." 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ 2001/02/0209_mandela.html >. Thomason, Larisa. "HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters." Webmaster Tips Newsletter. Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.netmechanic.com/ news/vol6/html_no20.htm >. If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. "Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected." Washington Post. 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004 <http://www.sirs.com >. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. "Heat Your Home with Biodiesel". Mother Earth News. 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/ce/canada >. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. "Heat Your Home with Biodiesel". Mother Earth News. 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. <http://www.proquestk12.com >. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. "Ho Chi Minh." Encarta Online Encyclopedia. 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761558397/Ho_Chi_Minh.html >. "Ho Chi Minh." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629 >. "Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC)." Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 <http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567 >. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: "Childcare Industry 'Should Welcome Men'." BBC News Online: Education.7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm >. "Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus." BrookesNews.Com. 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html >. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. "Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in Public as Hate Speech." Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003 <http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1540-4560.00260 >. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: "Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map." Map. Atlapedia Online. 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 <http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ political/Afghan_etc.htm >. Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. "Congratulations!" Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts. 2000. 7 June 2003 <http://www.bluemountain.com/ display.pd?path=35041&bfrom=1&prodnum=3032062 &>. Lee, Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com. Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.journalismjobs.com/lawrence_lee.cfm >. Schulz, Charles. "Peanuts Collection - Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock." Cartoon. Art.com. 25 Apr. 2004 <http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710&RFID=814547 >. "Woodhull, Victoria C." American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://us.history.wisc.edu/ hist102/photos/html/1023.html >. g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. "The Creatine Quandry." Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. "Re: Link to Musicals101.com." E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. "NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005." E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005 LII Team <firstname.lastname@example.org >. PicoSearch. "Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed." E-mail to John Smith. 10 Oct. 2005. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector. 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ oagtbs_e.asp >. United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights. 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ charters_of_freedom/bill_of_rights/bill_of_rights.html >. i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. "Keep Spreading the Word." Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.opinionjournal.com/la/responses.html?article_id=110003579 >. Seaside Harry. "My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!" Online posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index - Prius - Technical. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298&highlight =>. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network. 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. <http://www.madsci.org >. O'Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. "John Wilkins." Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Mathematicians/Wilkins.html >. Officer, Lawrence H. "Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty Other Countries, 1913 -1999." Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 <http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates />. Savill, R. Richard. "Jazz Age Biographies." The Jazz Age Page. 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 <http://www.btinternet.com/~dreklind/threetwo/Biograph.htm >. Sullivan, Danny. "Search Engine Math." 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch. 10 Apr. 2006 <http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html >. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. "Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?" Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and Research Institute. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? Page=countries&Area=israel&ID=IA1699 >. k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize. Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004 <http://www.pcworld.com/downloads/file_download.asp?fid=7605 >. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. "The Gettysburg Address." 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://showcase.netins.net/ web/creative/lincoln/speeches/gettysburg.htm >. m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions & Enchiridion. Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ confessions_enchiridion.txt>.